He was born in Mecca on November 1888 and passed his childhood in Arabia. He took his early education in theology from Al Azhar University Cairo, came to India and from Calcutta he started his famous Urdu Weekly ‘Al-Hilal’. The British Government suppressed it and then he started another weekly ‘Al-Balagh’, it was also banned by the Imperial Government. He joined freedom movement.
He was in and out of prison a number of times. At the age of 35, he became the youngest Congress President in 1923, held this position at a crucial juncture from 1940 to June 1946.
He was the first Education Minister of Free India.
He was a great scholar of Arabic, Persian, Urdu and Islamic teachings. He was a close associate of Gandhiji.
He was a true secular person and believed in composite nationalism. He wanted to impart religious education with modern methods and techniques. He wrote his famous book ‘India Wins Freedom’.
He died on 22nd February, 1958